Suffixes -ary and -ery

Suffixes -ary and -ery

-ary


a suffix occurring originally in loanwords from Classical and Medieval Latin, on adjectives (elementary; honorary; stationary; tributary), personal nouns (actuary; notary; secretary), or nouns denoting objects, especially receptacles or places (library; rosary; glossary). The suffix has the general sense “pertaining to, connected with” the referent named by the base; it is productive in English, sometimes with the additional senses “contributing to,” “for the purpose of,” and usually forming adjectives:

complimentary; visionary; revolutionary; inflationary.

-ery


a suffix of nouns denoting occupation, business, calling or condition, place or establishment, goods or products, things collectively, qualities, actions, etc.:

archery; bakery; cutlery; fishery; trickery; witchery.

Be very careful when spelling our suffixes with some words, for example:

Stationary

Stationery

What does each mean?

Station-ARY = not moving or not intended to be moved.

“a car collided with a stationary vehicle” [Adjective]

Station-ERY = writing and other office materials.

“a range of stationery” [Noun]

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